Parasitic Plant Connection

Loranthaceae Juss.

Family Description

Distribution Map

Loranthaceae Distribution Map
List of Genera

Photographs

Actinanthella

  1. Actinanthella menyharthii

Aetanthus

  1. Aetanthus mutisii
  2. Aetanthus nodosus

Agelanthus - See also Polhill & Wiens (1998) p. 137-182 for many beautiful photos!

  1. Agelanthus bruneus
  2. Agelanthus djurensis
  3. Agelanthus dodoneifolius
  4. Agelanthus lugardii
  5. Agelanthus natalitius
  6. Agelanthus nyasicus
  7. Agelanthus prunifolius
  8. Agelanthus pungu
  9. Agelanthus schweinfurthii
  10. Agelanthus subulatus
  11. Agelanthus ziziphifolius
  12.  Agelanthus sp.
  13. Agelanthus sp.

Alepis

  1. Alepis flavida

Amyema

  1. Amyema acuta 
  2. Amyema artensis
  3. Amyema beccarii
  4. Amyema benthamii
  5. Amyema bifurcata
  6. Amyema biniflora
  7. Amyema cambagei
  8.  Amyema celebica
  9. Amyema congener
  10.  Amyema conspicua
  11. Amyema cuernosensis
  12. Amyema curranii
  13. Amyema dilatipes
  14. Amyema dolichopoda
  15. Amyema fasciculata
  16. Amyema finisterrae
  17. Amyema fitzgeraldii
  18. Amyema friesiana
  19. Amyema gaudichaudii
  20. Amyema gibberula
  21. Amyema glabra
  22. Amyema haenkeana
  23. Amyema halconensis
  24. Amyema herbertiana
  25. Amyema hilliana
  26. Amyema incarnatiflora
  27. Amyema linophylla
  28. Amyema lucasii
  29. Amyema mackayensis
  30. Amyema maidenii
  31. Amyema melaleucae
  32. Amyema miquelii
  33. Amyema miraculosa
  34. Amyema nestor
  35. Amyema nickrentii
  36. Amyema pendula
  37. Amyema plicatula
  38. Amyema polytrias
  39. Amyema preissii
  40. Amyema quandang
  41. Amyema quaternifolia
  42. Amyema queenslandica
  43. Amyema rigidiflora
  44. Amyema sanguinea
  45. Amyema scandens
  46. Amyema seemeniana
  47. Amyema seriata
  48. Amyema urdanetensis
  49. Amyema villiflora
  50. Amyema whitei
  51. Amyema wichmannii (including ssp. pura)
  52. Amyema species A
  53. Amyema species B
  54. Amyema species C
  55. Amyema species 1
  56. Amyema species 2
  57. Amyema species 3
  58. Amyema species 4

Amylotheca

  1. Amylotheca dictyophleba
  2. Amylotheca duthieana
  3. Amylotheca subumbellata

Atkinsonia

  1. Atkinsonia ligustrina

Bakerella

  1. Bakerella belohensis
  2. Bakerella clavata
  3. Bakerella clavata var. amplifolia
  4. Bakerella clavata var. lenticellata
  5. Bakerella clavata var. tsaratanensis
  6. Bakerella grisea
  7. Bakerella hoyifolia var. hoyifolia
  8. Bakerella hoyifolia var. parkeri
  9. Bakerella mangindranensis
  10. Bakerella poissonii ssp. poissonii
  11.  Bakerella viguieri var. viguieri
  12. Bakerella viguieri var. marojejensis
  13. Bakerella sp.
  14. Bakerella sp.
  15. Bakerella sp.
  16. Bakerella sp.
  17. Bakerella sp.

Baratranthus (= Barathranthus)

  1. Baratranthus axanthus

Benthamina

  1. Benthamina alyxifolia

Berhautia

  1. Berhautia senegalensis

Cecarria

  1. Cecarria obtusifolia

Cladocolea

  1. Cladocolea loniceroides
  2. Cladocolea micrantha
  3. Cladocolea pringlei
  4. Cladocolea sp.

Cyne (including Tetradyas

  1. Cyne banahaensis (not C. capitulifera as originally identified)
  2. Cyne sp.

Dactyliophora

  1. Dactyliophora novae-guineae

Decaisnina

  1. Decaisnina angustata
  2. Decaisnina brittenii
  3. Decaisnina congesta
  4. Decaisnina cumingii
  5. Decaisnina forsteriana
  6. Decaisnina hollrungii
  7. Decaisnina signata
  8.  Decaisnina sumbawensis
  9. Decaisnina triflora
  10.  Decaisnina zollingeri
  11. Decaisnina sp.
  12. Decaisnina sp.
  13. Decaisnina
  14. Decaisnina sp.
  15. Decaisnina possible species novum
  16. Decaisnina sp.
  17. Decaisnina sp.

Dendropemon

  1. Dendropemon alatus
  2. Dendropemon bicolor
  3. Dendropemon caribaeus
  4. Dendropemon confertiflorus
  5. Dendropemon constantiae
  6. Dendropemon loranthoideus
  7. Dendropemon oliganthus
  8. Dendropemon purpureus
  9. Dendropemon pycnophyllus
  10. Dendropemon rigidus
  11. Dendropemon rostratus
  12. Dendropemon sintenisii
  13. Dendropemon spathulatus

Dendrophthoe

  1. Dendrophthoe acacioides
  2. Dendrophthoe cf. carinata
  3. Dendrophthoe clementis
  4. Dendrophthoe curvata
  5. Dendrophthoe falcata
  6. Dendrophthoe glabrescens
  7. Dendrophthoe grandifrons
  8. Dendrophthoe homoplastica
  9. Dendrophthoe incarnata
  10.  Dendrophthoe ligulata
  11. Dendrophthoe longiflora
  12. Dendrophthoe mearnsii
  13. Dendrophthoe neelgherrensis.
  14. Dendrophthoe odontocalyx
  15. Dendrophthoe pentandra
  16. Dendrophthoe suborbicularis
  17. Dendrophthoe trigona
  18. Dendrophthoe vitellina

Desmaria

  1. Desmaria mutabilis

Diplatia

  1. Diplatia furcata
  2. Diplatia grandibractea
  3. Diplatia tomentosa

Distrianthes - no photos of living plant

  1. Distrianthes molliflora

Elytranthe

  1. Elytranthe albida

Emelianthe

  1. Emelianthe galpinii

Englerina

  1. Englerina heckmanniana
  2. Englerina inequilatera
  3. Englerina lecardii
  4. Englerina oedostemon
  5. Englerina woodfordioides

Erianthemum

  1. Erianthemum dregii
  2. Erianthemum ngamicum
  3. Erianthemum virescens

Gaiadendron

  1. Gaiadendron punctatum

Globimetula - for more photos, see Polhill & Wiens (1998) p. 209-218

  1. Globimetula anguliflora
  2. Globimetula assiana
  3. Globimetula braunii
  4. Globimetula cornutibracteata
  5. Globimetula dinklagei
  6. Globimetula mweroensis
  7. Globimetula cf. pachyclada

Helicanthes

  1. Helicanthes elastica

Helixanthera

  1. Helixanthera annamica
  2. Helixanthera brevicalyx
  3. Helixanthera coccinea
  4. Helixanthera cylindrica
  5. Helixanthera hookeriana
  6. Helixanthera kirkii
  7. Helixanthera ligustrina
  8. Helixanthera mannii
  9. Helixanthera obtusata
  10.  Helixanthera parasitica
  11.  Helixanthera pulchra
  12.  Helixanthera sessiliflora
  13.  Helixanthera wallichiana
  14. Helixanthera woodii

Ileostylus

  1. Ileostylus micranthus

Lampas

  1. Lampas elmeri

Lepeostegeres

  1. Lepeostegeres congestiflorus
  2. Lepeostegeres deciduus
  3. Lepeostegeres lancifolius

Lepidaria

  1. Lepidaria kingii (incl. L. malaiana)
  2. Lepidaria pulchella
  3. Lepidaria quadriflora
  4. Lepidaria sabaensis

Ligaria

  1. Ligaria cuneifolia

Loranthus

  1. Loranthus delavayi
  2. Loranthus europaeus
  3. Loranthus kaoi
  4. Loranthus odoratus

Loxanthera

  1. Loxanthera speciosa

Lysiana

  1. Lysiana casuarinae
  2. Lysiana exocarpi
  3. Lysiana filifolia
  4. Lysiana linearifolia
  5. Lysiana maritima
  6. Lysiana murrayi
  7. Lysiana spathulata
  8. Lysiana subfalcata

Macrosolen

  1. Macrosolen albicaulis
  2. Macrosolen avensis
  3. Macrosolen barlowii
  4. Macrosolen bibracteolatus
  5. Macrosolen capitellatus
  6. Macrosolen cochinchinensis. Note there is a lot of variation in flower color and morphology this species.
  7. Macrosolen crassus
  8. Macrosolen dianthus
  9. Macrosolen formosus
  10. Macrosolen geminatus
  11. Macrosolen melitangensis
  12. Macrosolen parasiticus
  13. Macrosolen platyphyllus
  14. Macrosolen retusus
  15. Macrosolen tricolor
  16. Macrosolen X tubiflorus
  17. Macrosolen sp.
  18. Macrosolen sp.
  19. Macrosolen sp. (cf. M. flammeus, M. nobilis, and M. splendidus)

Maracanthus - no photos of living plant

  1. Maracanthus costaracensis

Moquiniella - for more photos, see Polhill & Wiens (1998) p. 207-208.

  1. Moquiniella rubra

Muellerina

  1. Muellerina bidwillii
  2. Muellerina celastroides
  3. Muellerina eucalyptoides

Notanthera

  1. Notanthera heterophylla

Nuytsia

  1. Nuytsia floribunda

Oedina

  1. Oedina pendens

Oliverella

  1. Oliverella rubro-viridis

Oncella

  1. Oncella gracilis

Oncocalyx

  1. Oncocalyx bolusii
  2. Oncocalyx ugogensis
  3. Oncocalyx welwitschii

Oryctanthus

  1. Oryctanthus alveolatus
  2. Oryctanthus cordifolius
  3. Oryctanthus florulentus
  4. Oryctanthus occidentalis
  5. Oryctanthus spicatus
  6. Oryctanthus sp.

Oryctina

  1. Oryctina myrsinites
  2. Oryctina scabrida
  3. Oryctina subaphylla

Panamanthus  - no photos of living plant

  1. Panamanthus panamensis

Papuanthes  - no photos of living plant

  1. Papuanthes albertisii

Passovia - many species formerly resided in Phthirusa

  1. Passovia podoptera
  2. Passovia pycnostachya
  3. Passovia pyrifolia
  4. Passovia rufa
  5. Passovia pedunculata (formerly Passovia stelis, Phthirusa stelis)

Pedistylis

  1. Pedistylus galpinii.

Peraxilla

  1. Peraxilla colensoi
  2. Peraxilla tetrapetala

Peristethium (formerly Cladocolea, Struthanthus)

  1. Peristethium aequatoris
  2. Peristethium archeri
  3. Peristethium attenuatum
  4. Peristethium leptostachyum

Phragmanthera - for more photos, see Polhill & Wiens (1998) p. 246-273

  1. Phragmanthera capitata
  2. Phragmanthera crassicaulis
  3. Phragmanthera macrosolen
  4. Phragmanthera polycrypta
  5. Phragmanthera regularis
  6. Phragmanthera usuiensis
  7. Phragmanthera sp.

Phthirusa (including Ixocactus). Some former members of this genus are now in Passovia

  1. Phthirusa hutchinsoni
  2. Phthirusa
  3. Phthirusa sp. 1
  4. Phthirusa sp. 2

Plicosepalus

  1. Plicosepalus acaciae
  2. Plicosepalus amplexicaulis
  3. Plicosepalus curviflorus
  4. Plicosepalus meridianus
  5. Plicosepalus sp.

Psittacanthus

  1. Psittacanthus acinarius
  2. Psittacanthus angustifolius
  3. Psittacanthus auriculatus
  4. Psittacanthus biternatus
  5. Psittacanthus brasiliensis
  6. Psittacanthus calyculatus
  7. Psittacanthus cinctus
  8. Psittacanthus cordatus
  9. Psittacanthus crassicostatus
  10. Psittacanthus cucullaris
  11.  Psittacanthus dentatus
  12.  Psittacanthus dichrous
  13.  Psittacanthus divaricatus
  14.  Psittacanthus eucalyptifolius
  15. Psittacanthus gigas
  16. Psittacanthus krameri
  17. Psittacanthus hamulifer
  18. Psittacanthus lamprophyllus
  19.  Psittacanthus martinicensis
  20. Psittacanthus mayanus
  21. Psittacanthus minor
  22. Psittacanthus nodosissimus
  23. Psittacanthus nudus
  24. Psittacanthus oblongifolius
  25. Psittacanthus palmeri
  26. Psittacanthus panamensis (is it this species?)
  27. Psittacanthus pascoensis
  28. Psittacanthus peculiaris
  29. Psittacanthus peronopetalus
  30. Psittacanthus pinicola
  31. Psittacanthus plagiophyllus
  32. Psittacanthus ramiflorus
  33. Psittacanthus rhynchanthus
  34. Psittacanthus robustus
  35. Psittacanthus schiedeanus
  36. Psittacanthus sonorae
  37. Psittacanthus ternatus (sp. nov. Kuijt)
  38. Psittacanthus truncatus
  39. Psittacanthus zonatus
  40. Psittacanthus sp.
  41. Psittacanthus sp.
  42. Psittacanthus sp.
  43. Psittacanthus sp.

Pusillanthus

  1. Pusillanthus trichodes.  No photos of living plant. Herbarium specimen from Field Museum of Natural History (Chicago) HERE.

Scurrula

  1. Scurrula atropurpurea
  2. Scurrula buddlejoides
  3. Scurrula cordifolia
  4. Scurrula elata
  5. Scurrula ferruginea
  6. Scurrula liquidambaricola
  7. Scurrula parasitica
  8. Scurrula pulverulenta
  9. Scurrula ritozanensis
  10. Scurrula tsaii
  11. Scurrula sp.

Septulina - for more photos, see Polhill & Wiens (1998) p. 223-224.

  1. Septulina glauca

Socratina

  1. Socratina bemarivensis
  2. Socratina keraudreniana

Sogerianthe

  1. Sogerianthe sessiliflora
  2. Sogerianthe sogerensis

Spragueanella

  1. Spragueanella rhamnifolia

Struthanthus

  1. Struthanthus acuminatus
  2. Struthanthus cassythoides
  3. Struthanthus deppeanus
  4. Struthanthus flexicaulis
  5. Struthanthus interruptus
  6. Struthanthus maricensis
  7. Struthanthus martianus [previously S. vulgaris]
  8. Struthanthus orbicularis
  9. Struthanthus palmeri
  10. Struthanthus cf. polyanthus
  11.  Struthanthus polyrhizus
  12. Struthanthus quercicoloa
  13. Struthanthus staphylinus
  14. Struthanthus tacanensis
  15. Struthanthus uraguensis
  16. Struthanthus woodsonii
  17. Struthanthus sp. 1
  18. Struthanthus sp. 2
  19.  Struthanthus sp. 3
  20.  Struthanthus sp. 4
  21.  Struthanthus sp. 5
  22. Struthanthus sp. 6
  23. Struthanthus sp. 7
  24. Struthanthus sp. 8
  25. Struthanthus sp. 9
  26. Struthanthus sp. 10
  27. Struthanthus sp. 11
  28. Struthanthus sp. 12
  29. Struthanthus sp. 13
  30. Struthanthus sp. 14

Tapinanthus - for more photos, see Polhill & Wiens (1998) p. 183-206

  1. Tapinanthus bangwensis
  2. Tapinanthus buchneri
  3. Tapinanthus forbesii
  4. Tapinanthus globiferus
  5. Tapinanthus kraussianus
  6. Tapinanthus oleifolius
  7. Tapinanthus quequensis
  8. Tapinanthus rubromarginatus
  9. Tapinanthus sp.

Taxillus

  1. Taxillus chinensis
  2. Taxillus caloreas
  3. Taxillus cuneatus
  4. Taxillus delavayi
  5. Taxillus incanus
  6. Taxillus kaempferi
  7. Taxillus limprichtii
  8. Taxillus liquidambaricolus
  9. Taxillus lonicerifolius
  10.  Taxillus matsudai
  11. Taxillus parasiticus
  12. Taxillus pseudochinensis
  13. Taxillus rhododendricola
  14. Taxillus sclerophyllus
  15. Taxillus sutchuenensis
  16. Taxillus tomentosus
  17. Taxillus tsaii
  18. Taxillus vestitus
  19. Taxillus yadoriki 

Thaumasianthes - no photos of living plant. Extinct?

  1. Thaumasianthes amplifolia

Tolypanthus

  1. Tolypanthus gardneri
  2. Tolypanthus lagenifer
  3. Tolypanthus maclurei
  4. Tolypanthus pustulatus

Trilepidea [extinct] - no photos of living plant

  1. Trilepidea adamsii

Tripodanthus

  1. Tripodanthus acutifolius
  2. Tripodanthus belmirensis
  3. Tripodanthus flagellaris

Tristerix

  1. Tristerix aphyllus
  2. Tristerix chodatianus
  3. Tristerix corymbosus
  4. Tristerix divaricatus
  5. Tristerix longebracteatus
  6. Tristerix penduliflorus
  7. Tristerix peruvianus
  8. Tristerix pubescens
  9. Tristerix rhodanthus
  10. Tristerix verticillatus

Trithecanthera (including Kingella)

  1. Trithecanthera sparsa
  2. Trithecanthera xiphostachys

Tupeia

  1. Tupeia antarctica

Vanwykia  - for more photos, see Polhill & Wiens (1998) p. 221-222.

  1. Vanwykia remota

Woodroses from loranths

  1. The haustoria of Loranthaceae often produce characteristic attachments to their host branches. The haustorium of the parasite induces the formation of a placenta-like expansion of the host wood.  When the soft parts of the haustorium are removed, the flared woodrose remains.
  2.  Woodroses are often made into art objects in many parts of the neo- and paleotropics. Here are some examples:

Dicaeum hirundinaceum - the mistletoe bird!

  1. The bird on Dendrophthoe, Australia. Note the mistletoe seed attached to the perch. Photo from David Attenborough's book "The Private Life of Plants."
  2. digestive cannal and crop (left) that is highly adapted for mistletoe seeds. The tongue (right) is curled inward, an adaptation to feeding on the nectar from mistletoe flowers. Photos from Kuijt (1969).

Loranthaceae of New Guinea

These pages have been assembled from available literature and photographs for loranths of that region.  


Phylogeny

A detailed molecular phylogeny of genera within the family has been published in American Journal of Botany (Vidal-Russell and Nickrent 2008) and can be viewed HERE.

A study that examined the timing of evolution of aerial parasites (including Loranthaceae) was published in Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution (Vidal-Russell and Nickrent 2008) and can be viewed HERE.

The position of the family within Santalales has been discussed by Nickrent, D. L., and V. Malécot (2001), a web version of which can be viewed HERE.  

References

 



Last updated: 17-July-15 / dln