- Apodanthes caseariae
- Photo Parasitic on Casearia
sp., San Isidro, Costa
Rica. The only visible part of the parasite are the flowers that emerge
directly from the bark of the host tree. Photo by Dan Nickrent
- Photo showing
flower buds (right), two open flowers (top) and some young fruits
(bottom). Notice that the perianth is white whereas the bracts below
are yellow. In Pilostyles, there is little differentiation
between the perianth and the bracts. The cup-like depressions in the
host bark are visible where flowers have fallen off. Photo by Dan
- Photo. Flowers
emerging from host bark. Panama. Photo by A. Gentry (no. 1445). Link goes to TROPICOS.
- Photo. Flowers
emerging from host Casearia. Panama.
Photo by A. Gentry (no. 28659). Link goes to
Flowers emerging from host. Parasitic on Casearia stjohnii. Barrow Colorado
Island, Panama. Photo by T. B. Croat (voucher 17044). Link goes
- Berlinianche aethiopica
- Photo of flowers
emerging from host stem. Gabon. Prv. Ogooue-Ivindo, Lope Natl. Park,
Ogooue River. Photo 21 Apr 2006 by C. Davidson. (coll. M. Leal
1197). From FloraoftheWorld.org.
- Male flowers emerging from the
stem of Brachystegia spiciformis (Fabaceae, Caesalpiniodeae,
locally called Msasa). Christmas Pass, Mutare, Zimbabwe. Photos #01, #02, #05 and #08 by Darrel Plowes.
- Close-up of female flower showing
central column. Christmas Pass, Mutare, Zimbabwe. Photos #03 and #04 by Darrel Plowes.
- Female flowers, with a small
midge. Christmas Pass, Mutare, Zimbabwe. Photo #06 by Darrel Plowes.
- Female flowers, with small hairy
Dipterid. Christmas Pass, Mutare, Zimbabwe. Photo #07 by Darrel Plowes.
- Julbernardia globiflora (Fabaceae, Caesalpinioideae,
locally called miombo) infected with Berlinianche aethiopica.
Christon Bank, Zimbabwe. Photos #09,
#10, #11 and #12 by Albert Blarer.
- Pilostyles hamiltonii
- Photo 1 and photo 2 of unopened buds,
parasitic on Daviesia decurrens
and D. priessii. Perth
metro area, Western Australia. Photo by Stephen Wylie and Jen
McComb, March 2006.
- Pilostyles mexicana
- Pilostyles thurberi
- Photo of flowers emerging
from host, Dalea formosa, and longitudinal section through host
stem and parasite flowers (males). The plant consists of
just the small flower (ca. 4 mm high) and the endophytic haustorium
that grows in the cambial region of the host. These flowers are
male and the yellow disk that terminates the column is visible in the
center of each flower. Specimen Nickrent 2293 from Knox Co., TX.
Photo by Ken Robertson.
buds and buds just beginning to open.
Southern CA growing on Psorothamnus emoryi. Photos by Joel
Series of photos of plants from Texas. Photos by D. L.
Nickrent. Link goes to
clade"of the former Rafflesiaceae is composed of Apodanthes,
Pilostyles. Mitochondrial matR and nuclear SSU rDNA data
indicated either a relationship with Malvales or Cucurbitales (see Nickrent et
al. 2004). Additional molecular work in the Nickrent lab confirmed
a placement in
Cucurbitales. This result was also found by Filipowicz and Renner
(2010). But be aware that the relationship within the order was not
supported in a later study of Cucurbitales by Schaefer and Renner
(2011). Here Apodanthaceae was sister to all the remaining families in
SIUC / College of Science / Parasitic Plant
Connection / Apodanthaceae
Last updated: 03-Apr-11 / dln